March 24th, 2024 - Glasgow, Scotland

Text2Story 2024

Seventh International Workshop on Narrative Extraction from Texts
held in conjunction with the 46th European Conference on Information Retrieval

Call for papers


Over these past years, significant breakthroughs, led by Transformers and Large Language Models (LLMs), have been made in understanding natural language text. However, the ability to capture, represent, and analyze contextual nuances in longer texts is still an elusive goal, let alone the understanding of consistent fine-grained narrative structures in text. In the seventh edition of the Text2Story workshop, we aim to bring to the forefront the challenges involved in understanding the structure of narratives and in incorporating their representation in well-established frameworks, as well as in modern architectures (e.g., transformers) and AI-powered language models (e.g, chatGPT) which are now common and form the backbone of almost every IR and NLP application. It is hoped that the workshop will provide a common forum to consolidate the multi-disciplinary efforts and foster discussions to identify the wide-ranging issues related to the narrative extraction task.

Call for papers

Research works submitted to the workshop should foster the scientific advance on all aspects of storyline generation and understanding from texts including but not limited to narrative information extraction aspects, narratives representation, knowledge extraction, ethics and bias in narratives, datasets and evaluation protocols and narrative applications such as visualization of narratives, multi-modal aspects, Q&A, etc. To this regard, we encourage the submission of high-quality and original submissions covering the following topics:

    Information Extraction Aspects

  • Temporal Relation Identification
  • Temporal Reasoning and Ordering of Events
  • Causal Relation Extraction and Arrangement
  • Big Data Applied to Narrative Extraction
  • Narrative Representation

  • Annotation protocols
  • Narrative Representation Models
  • Lexical, Syntactic, and Semantic Ambiguity in Narrative Representation
  • Narrative Analysis and Generation

  • Argumentation Analysis
  • Language Models and Transfer Learning in Narrative Analysis
  • Narrative Analysis in Low-resource Languages
  • Multilinguality: Multilingual and Cross-lingual Narrative Analysis
  • Comprehension of Generated Narratives
  • Story Evolution and Shift Detection
  • Automatic Timeline Generation
  • Datasets and Evaluation Protocol

  • Evaluation Methodologies for Narrative Extraction
  • Annotated datasets
  • Narrative Resources
  • Ethics and Bias in Narratives

  • Bias Detection and Removal in Generated Stories
  • Ethical and Fair Narrative Generation
  • Misinformation and Fact Checking
  • Narrative Applications

  • Narrative-focused Search in Text Collections
  • Narrative Summarization
  • Narrative Q&A
  • Multi-modal Narrative Summarization
  • Sentiment and Opinion Detection in Narratives
  • Social Media Narratives
  • Narrative Simplification
  • Personalization and Recommendation of Narratives
  • Storyline Visualization

tls-covid19 Dataset

We challenge the interested researchers to consider submitting a paper that makes use of the tls-covid19 dataset - published at ECIR'21 - under the scope and purposes of the text2story workshop. tls-covid19 consists of a number of curated topics related to the Covid-19 outbreak, with associated news articles from Portuguese and English news outlets and their respective reference timelines as gold-standard. While it was designed to support timeline summarization research tasks it can also be used for other tasks (e.g., Q&A), especially when combined with Large Language Models (LLMs) like ChatGPT.

Important Dates

  • February 7th, 2024
    Submission Deadline
  • March 1st, 2024
    Acceptance Notification
  • March 15th, 2024
    Camera-ready copies
  • March 24th, 2024


We solicit the following types of contributions:

Full Papers

up to 8 pages + references

Original and high-quality unpublished contributions to the theory and practical aspects of the narrative extraction task. Full papers should introduce existing approaches, describe the methodology and the experiments conducted in detail. Negative result papers to highlight tested hypotheses that did not get the expected outcome are also welcomed.

Short Papers

up to 5 pages + references

Unpublished short papers describing work in progress; position papers introducing a new point of view, a research vision or a reasoned opinion on the workshop topics; and dissemination papers describing project ideas, ongoing research lines, case studies or summarized versions of previously published papers in high-quality conferences/journals that is worthwhile sharing with the Text2Story community, but where novelty is not a fundamental issue.

Demos | Resource Papers

up to 5 pages + references

Unpublished papers presenting research/industrial demos; papers describing important resources (datasets or software packages) to the Text2Story community;

Papers must be submitted electronically in PDF format through Easy Chair . All submissions must be in English and formatted according to the one-column CEUR-ART style with no page numbers. Templates, either in Word or LaTeX, can be found in the following zip folder . There is also an Overleaf page for LaTeX users.

IMPORTANT: Please include between brackets the type of submission (full; negative results; work in progress; demo and resource; position; dissemination) in the paper title.

Papers submitted to Text2Story 2024 should be original work and different from papers that have been previously published, accepted for publication, or that are under review at other venues. Exceptions to this rule are "dissemination papers". Pre-prints submitted to ArXiv are eligible.

All papers will be refereed through a double-blind peer-review process by at least two members of the programme committee. The accepted papers will appear in the proceedings published at CEUR workshop proceedings (indexed in Scopus and DBLP) as long as they don't conflict with previous publication rights.

Workshop Format

Participants of accepted papers will be given 15 minutes for oral presentations.


Organizing Committee

Program Committee

  • Álvaro Figueira (INESC TEC & University of Porto)
  • Andreas Spitz (University of Konstanz)
  • Antoine Doucet (Université de La Rochelle)
  • António Horta Branco (University of Lisbon)
  • Anubhav Jangra (IIT Patna, Japan)
  • Anurag Acharya (Pacific Northwest National Lab)
  • Arian Pasquali (Faktion AI)
  • Bart Gajderowicz (University of Toronto)
  • Begoña Altuna (Universidad del País Vasco)
  • Behrooz Mansouri (University of Southern Maine)
  • Brenda Santana (Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul)
  • Bruno Martins (IST & INESC-ID, University of Lisbon)
  • Brucce dos Santos (Computational Intelligence Laboratory (LABIC) - ICMC/USP)
  • David Semedo (Universidade NOVA de Lisboa)
  • Deya Banisakher (Florida International University)
  • Dhruv Gupta (Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
  • Evelin Amorim (INESC TEC)
  • Henrique Lopes Cardoso (LIACC & University of Porto)
  • Ignatius Ezeani (Lancaster University)
  • Irina Rabaev (Shamoon College of Engineering)
  • Ismail Altingovde (Middle East Technical University)
  • João Paulo Cordeiro (INESC TEC & University of Beira Interior)
  • Liana Ermakova (HCTI, Université de Bretagne Occidentale)
  • Luca Cagliero (Politecnico di Torino)
  • Ludovic Moncla (INSA Lyon)
  • Luis Filipe Cunha (INESC TEC & University of Minho)
  • Marc Finlayson (Florida International University)
  • Marc Spaniol (Université de Caen Normandie)
  • Mariana Caravanti (Computational Intelligence Laboratory (LABIC) - ICMC/USP)
  • Moreno La Quatra (Kore University of Enna)
  • Natalia Vanetik (Sami Shamoon College of Engineering)
  • Nuno Guimarães (INESC TEC & University of Porto)
  • Pablo Gervás (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
  • Paulo Quaresma (Universidade de Évora)
  • Purificação Silvano (CLUP & University of Porto)
  • Ross Purves (University of Zurich)
  • Satya Almasian (Heidelberg University)
  • Sérgio Nunes (INESC TEC & University of Porto)
  • Sriharsh Bhyravajjula (University of Washington)
  • Udo Kruschwitz (University of Regensburg)
  • Valentina Bartalesi (ISTI-CNR, Italy)

Proceedings Chair

  • João Paulo Cordeiro (INESC TEC & University of Beira Interior)
  • Conceição Rocha (INESC TEC)

Web and Dissemination Chair

  • Hugo Sousa (INESC TEC & University of Porto)
  • Behrooz Mansouri (University of Southern Maine)

Invited Speakers

Homo narrans: From Information to Narratives

Speaker: Jochen L. Leidner, Coburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany

Keynote Card Jochen

Abstract: Humans are curious creatures, equipped with a sense of (and desire for) finding meaning in their environment. They are predisposed to identify patterns, real and spurious, in the world they live in, and above anything else, they understand the world in terms of narratives. In this talk, we will explore a set of questions about narratives: what is a narrative made up of? What signals from textual prose tell us what the narrative is? What about signals from structured data that imply a particular narrative? What is the essence of a story? How can narrative information be extracted and presented? Open source intelligence analysts and investigative reporters alike are hunting for the story, the narrative, behind the petabyte intercepts or terabyte leaks. The more data we gather or have available, the stronger will be our thirst to distill meaningful stories from it.

Bio: Professor Jochen L. Leidner MA MPhil PhD FRGS is the Research Professor for Explainable and Responsible Artificial Intelligence in Insurance at Coburg University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Germany, where he leads the Information Access Research Group, a Visiting Professor of Data Analytics in the Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield and founder and CEO of the consultancy KnowledgeSpaces. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Dr. Leidner's experience includes positions as Director of Research at Thomson Reuters and Refinitiv in London, where he headed its R&D team (2013-2022). He has built up research and innovation teams. He was also the Royal Academy of Engineering Visiting Professor of Data Analytics at the Department of Computer Science. His background includes a Master's in computational linguistics, English and computer science (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg), a Master's in Computer Speech, Text and Internet Technology (University of Cambridge) and a PhD in Informatics (University of Edinburgh), which won the first ACM SIGIR Doctoral Consortium Award. He is a scientific expert for the European Commission (FP7, H2020, Horizon Europe) and other funding bodies in Germany, Austria, the UK and the USA. He also is a past chair of the Microsoft-BCS/BCS IRSG Karen Sparck Jones award. Professor Leidner is an author or co-author of several dozen peer-reviewed publications (including one best paper award), has authored or co-edited two books and holds several patents in the areas of information retrieval, natural language processing, and mobile computing. He has been twice winner of the Thomson Reuters inventor of the year award for the best patent application, and is the past received of a Royal Society of Edinburgh Enterprise Fellowship in Electronic Markets.

Visual Storytelling with Question-Answer Plans

Speaker: Mirella Lapata, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh

Keynote Card Mirella

Abstract: Visual storytelling aims to generate compelling narratives from image sequences. Existing models often focus on enhancing the representation of the image sequence, e.g., with external knowledge sources or advanced graph structures. Despite recent progress, the stories are often repetitive, illogical, and lacking in detail. To mitigate these issues, we present a novel framework which integrates visual representations with pretrained language models and planning. Our model translates the image sequence into a visual prefix, a sequence of continuous embeddings which language models can interpret. It also leverages a sequence of question-answer pairs as a blueprint plan for selecting salient visual concepts and determining how they should be assembled into a narrative. Automatic and human evaluation on the VIST benchmark (Huang et al., 2016) demonstrates that blueprint-based models generate stories that are more coherent, interesting, and natural compared to competitive baselines and state-of-the-art systems.

Bio: Professor Mirella Lapata is a faculty member in the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh. She is affiliated with the Institute for Communicating and Collaborative Systems and the Edinburgh Natural Language Processing Group. Her research centers on computational models for the representation, extraction, and generation of semantic information from structured and unstructured data. This encompasses various modalities, including text, images, video, and large-scale knowledge bases. Prof. Lapata has contributed to diverse applied Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks, such as semantic parsing, semantic role labeling, discourse coherence, summarization, text simplification, concept-to-text generation, and question answering. Using primarily probabilistic generative models, she has employed computational models to investigate aspects of human cognition, including learning concepts, judging similarity, forming perceptual representations, and learning word meanings. The overarching objective of her research is to empower computers to comprehend requests, execute actions based on them, process and aggregate large datasets, and convey information derived from them. Central to these endeavors are models designed for extracting and representing meaning from natural language text, internally storing meanings, and leveraging stored meanings to deduce further consequences.


Displaying agenda in event timezone (Glasgow local time).

09h00 - 09h15 Introduction
Ricardo Campos
in-person | slides

Session Chair: Adam Jatowt
09h15 - 09h55 Keynote 1: Homo narrans: From Information to Narratives
Jochen Leidner, Coburg University of Applied Sciences
in-person | slides
Session Chair: Marina Litvak
09h55 - 10h10 Computational Narrative Framing: Towards Identifying Frames through Contrasting the Evolution of Narrations
Markus Reiter-Haas, Beate Klösch, Markus Hadler and Elisabeth Lex
in-person | slides
10h10 - 10h30 Representing Complex Relative Chronology Across Narrative Levels in Movie Plots
Pablo Gervás and Jose Luis López Calle
in-person | slides
10h30 - 11h00 Coffee Break
Session Chair: Ignatius Ezeani
11h00 - 11h20 From Nodes to Narratives: A Knowledge Graph-based Storytelling Approach
Mike de Kok, Youssra Rebboud, Pasquale Lisena, Raphaël Troncy and Ilaria Tiddi
11h20 - 11h30 On the Limitations of Zero-Shot Classification of Causal Relations by LLMs
Vani Kanjirangat, Alessandro Antonucci and Marco Zaffalon
Session Chair: Purificação Silvano
11h30 - 11h40 Event Extraction Alone Is Not Enough
Junbo Huang, Longquan Jiang, Cedric Moeller and Ricardo Usbeck
in-person | slides
11h40 - 12h00 Evaluating the Ability of Computationally Extracted Narrative Maps to Encode Media Framing
Sebastián Concha and Brian Keith Norambuena
online | slides
12h00 - 12h30 Poster Session
12h30 - 13h30 Lunch Break
Session Chair: Alípio Jorge
13h30 - 14h10 Keynote 2: Visual Storytelling with Question-Answer Plans
Mirella Lapata, University of Edinburgh
in-person | slides
Session Chair: Satya Almasian
14h10 - 14h30 Untangling a web of temporal relations in news article
Purificação Silvano, Evelin Amorim, António Leal, Inês Cantante, Alípio M. Jorge, Ricardo Campos and Nana Yu
in-person | slides
14h30 - 14h50 Unexpected Gender Stereotypes in AI-Generated Stories: Hairdressers are Female, But so are Doctors
Laura Spillner
in-person | slides
14h50 - 15h00 Integrating Cognitive Neuroscience Insights into NLP: A New Approach to Understanding Narrative Processing
Avital Hahamy, Haim Dubossarsky and Timothy Behrens
in-person | slides
15h00 - 15h30 Coffee Break
Session Chair: Alessandro Antonucci
15h30 - 15h50 Tagging Narrative with Propp's Character Functions Using Large Language Models
Pablo Gervás and Gonzalo Mendez
in-person | slides
15h50 - 16h10 The Geography of ‘Fear’, ‘Sadness’, ‘Anger’ and ‘Joy’: Exploring the Emotional Landscapes in the Holocaust Survivors’ Testimonies
Ignatius Ezeani, Paul Rayson, Ian Gregory, Tim Cole, Erik Steiner and Zephyr Frank
in-person | slides
Session Chair: Hugo Sousa
16h10 - 16h30 ROGER: Extracting narratives using Large Language Models from Robert Gerstmann's historical photo archive of the Sacambaya Expedition in 1928
Mauricio Matus, Diego Urrutia, Claudio Meneses and Brian Keith
online | slides
16h30 - 16h50 Dataset Annotation and Model Building for Identifying Biases in News Narratives
Shaina Raza, Mizanur Rahman and Shardul Ghuge
16h50 - 17h10 Estimating Narrative Durations: Proof of Concept
Mustafa Ocal, Akul Singh and Mark Finlayson
17h10 - 17h30 Best Paper and Reviewers Award
Ricardo Campos, Alípio Jorge, Adam Jatowt, Marina Litvak


Text2Story 2024 will be held at the 46th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR'24) in Glasgow, Scotland

Be aware that power plug sockets in Scotland are of type G (of British origin). You may need to consider bringing or buying an adaptor.

Registration at ECIR 2024 is required to attend the workshop (don't forget to select the Text2Story workshop).


This work is financed by National Funds through the FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P. (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) within the project StorySense, with reference 2022.09312.PTDC (DOI 10.54499/2022.09312.PTDC).